I believe that butterflies, some of the most beautiful, magnificent and interesting creatures in any garden, are God’s gift to gardeners. Fortunately, butterfly numbers are increasing in our landscapes. The reason so many butterflies are appearing in gardens is that they are losing their natural habitats. The building of homes, roads and farms in Arizona contributes to the increased butterfly populations in cultivated gardens. Creating a butterfly garden is an easy way to attract more butterflies for our enjoyment while improving their environment.
Gardening for butterflies is a source of something beautiful and rewarding. It is easier than you might imagine to get these fairy-winged creatures to flutter your way. Butterfly larvae and caterpillars need plants for food, and adult butterflies need plant nectar, so the ideal butterfly garden must fulfill both of these requirements. It is simply a matter of choosing the right plants to attract butterflies and then the plants that encourage them to stay.
Most inviting to butterflies are gardens with sunny areas sheltered from the wind, areas with garden mulch, rock crevices, brush piles and even some weeds. Because of the many different flowers in a good butterfly garden, it soon becomes a place of beauty. A butterfly garden can be any size: a window box, part of your landscaped yard or even a wild, untended area on your property.
Among the plants irresistible to butterflies are:
There also are lots of reasons to grow anise hyssop. Deer and rabbits leave it alone. Like Echinacea, it is heat and drought tolerant, and blooms for weeks in late summer. Also, it’s a good source of cut flowers, and, of course, butterflies love it.
This tough perennial blooms in late summer. Its big, yellow, daisy-shaped flowers are as perfect for bouquets as they are for butterflies.
The yellow flowers of this lush plant seem to glow in the garden even in the brightest light. This perennial never stops showing color all summer long. Shear back the plant with hedge clippers when each flush of blooms start to fade; it quickly will bloom all over again several times a year.
If you have a sunny spot that needs planting, there are lots of reasons to grow a coneflower. Butterflies of many varieties love sipping its nectar, and it is very heat and drought tolerant. Also, because it blooms all summer long, it’s the perfect addition to a cutting garden.
It is the most common host for Monarch butterflies, but milkweed nectar is also highly sought by many other butterfly species. Aside from attracting Monarch butterflies for egg laying, milkweed entices swallowtails, painted ladies, American ladies, red admirals, fritillaries and hairstreaks to their nectars. Milkweed also draws hummingbirds and hummingbird moths to the garden wanting its nectar.
Colorful is the definition for the flowers of this lantana. It blooms all summer long in glowing shades of lavender, pink, red, orange, yellow, cream and white. A versatile plant, it looks perfect in containers or beds or borders. Butterflies will agree that this lantana is an outstanding addition to your garden.
An all-around garden champion, pentas bears clusters of star-shaped blooms in bright shades of pink, red and white. It loves hot conditions, holds up to drought pretty well, and is a sure bet for attracting butterflies and hummingbirds looking for a snack.
There’s a salvia for every garden: some salvias are tall, others are short; some salvias have blue or purple blooms, and others have red, orange or pink flowers. While you might have trouble choosing a salvia, butterflies won’t – rest assured that whichever salvia you plant, they’ll flock to it every summer.
This perennial bloomer produces HUGE white flowers that are irresistible to anything with wings, and butterflies cannot stay away! The blossoms of this season-long bloomer have been exceptional this spring. A bonus characteristic of this plant is that rabbits, deer and rats don’t care for this beautiful butterfly magnet.
This plant is perfect for cut bouquets because its blossoms will not be depleted. The more you cut, the more it blooms, guaranteeing a supply of lavender-purple blooms at the ready for butterflies to enjoy, too.
Just about everyone loves zinnias, which is why they’re favorites of butterfly gardeners, cottage gardeners and beginning gardeners. They bloom in an almost endless range of colors and, whether outdoors or in a vase, look good all summer long.
Until next issue, I’ll be helping local gardeners attract more butterflies here at Watters Garden Center. QCBN
By Ken Lain
Ken Lain can be found throughout the week at Watters Garden Center, 1815 W. Iron Springs Rd in Prescott, or contacted through his website, WattersGardenCenter.com or Facebook at FB.com/WattersGardenCenter.